LaTex for Linguists

So, I’ve had this itch lately. An itch to look at my old research from graduate school and see what I could do with it. I dug up my papers, indecipherable notes, and powerpoint presentations from graduate school and decided that my research idea might be worth exploring again. The only problem I encountered was that I didn’t like the way my paper looked. It is focused on morpho-syntax in AAE, and as such, I need to include syntax trees in my essay. But they are out of place, out of alignment, and it throws off the structure of my paper. I wanted to find software that would produce nicer looking essays – something you might see in a refereed journal.

Enter LaTex. I’d heard of it before – my brother uses it for his math courses – but never tried it myself. I downloaded MacTex, which comes with TexShop, an editor and previewer for MacOS, and Tex Live Utility, which (if I’m figuring this out right) tells me what packages are installed (??? – still figuring this out).

Anyway.

I’ve been using it for a few days, and I like it so far, but there’s a learning curve re: the syntax of LaTex. First, there’s understanding the preamble, which is where you essentially set up the document size, fonts, the type of document itself, and any packages you want LaText to load.

\documentclass[a4paper, 12pt]{article}

\usepackage{qtree}

\usepackage{gb4e}

\begin{document}

Above, the type of document (article), font size (12pt), and two packages are loaded. The two packages mentioned in the preamble are {qtree} and {gb4e}. The former is used to draw trees in LaTex; the former is used for examples, like glosses.

Understanding the syntax of this software is tricky, but I am slowly getting the hang of it. Besides, I enjoy a challenge!